Cholesterol, in a way, is very essential for all plant and animal life. But too much of anything is not good for the various bodily systems, including the component which is capable of synthesizing the essential structural component to maintain the membrane integrity and fluidity.
In simple terms, cholesterol is a necessary molecule for maintaining the structural integrity of all our healthy cells which make up the human body. But the same cholesterol can create a number of heath problems if the quantity is in excess. Cholesterol is mainly divided into two variants namely low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and high-density lipoprotein (HDL).
The major health problem one can face with high levels of cholesterol is cardio related. However, there are a number of other health issues which may cause your cholesterol levels to spike up. Here are a few to name:
Thyroid gland: Thyroid is literally connected to every cell in your body and the slightest decrease in thyroid hormone levels can trigger a reaction. LDL, which is also known as the bad cholesterol, is affected due to thyroid related problems and increases the flow of cholesterol in your blood stream. High levels of LDL results in buildup of plaque in the arteries and can block or reduce the blood flow causing heart diseases and even stroke.
Liver problems: Liver problems can spike up your cholesterol levels rather unexpectedly by raising LDL’s and lowering HDL levels. HDL is responsible for carrying the cholesterol away from vital organs and flushing the excess out of the system, and a reduce in the level can lead to fatty liver which is the most common liver disorder. This is also linked to excess abdominal fat which is again the cause of a high carbohydrate based diet.
Weight problems: In order to control gaining weight, people often go on a diet which might not be properly structured or well-planned out. Hence losing weight on one hand is good for your overall health, but often leads to a sudden spike in cholesterol levels, and not the good cholesterol. Losing weight releases LDL which again enters the blood stream, gradually clogging the arteries.
Diet plans: Opting for a low-carb and low-calorie diet does not necessarily help. The body needs energy to function which is where carbs and calories come in; however, in a diet, these primary sources of energy are depleted rapidly and thus the body resorts to breaking down fats for energy. This sudden breakdown releases cholesterol and spikes the levels momentarily.
Overall a well-balanced diet and exercise routine has to be maintained in order to control cholesterol levels.